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Differential Effects of Organizational Characteristics for Volunteers and Staff Members of Coalitions

This is a review of research done by Powell, Gold, Peterson, Borys, and Hallcom as reported in The Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions. The article is titled, Empowerment in Coalitions Targeting Underage Drinking: Differential Effects of Organizational Characteristics for Volunteers and Staff.  The researchers acknowledged that social workers have adopted a priority to reduce youth alcohol misuse. The most effective way to reduce underage drinking is to adopt models which resemble public health models. These models utilize evidence-based practices leading to population, community-based, or environmental change. The authors
recognized, as did The American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare, that coalitions are effective in assisting in environmental interventions to alter how choices are made on a population level. The effectiveness of coalitions is paramount to the interventions’ effectiveness and sustainability. Armed with the knowledge that coalitions are comprised of both volunteers and paid staff, research was done to determine if there are differences in how the two subgroups relate to and participate in coalitions. The benefit of this review is to coalition leaders and participants to better understand how you may assist coalitions’ subgroups to be as effective and empowered as possible.